7805 5V 1A Regulated Power Supply with Overvoltage Protection Circuit

lm7805 5V Regulated Power Supply Overvoltage overcurrent Protection Circuit

7805 5V 1 Amp Regulated Power Supply with Overvoltage Protection Circuit

This is the 7805 5 volts 1 ampere Regulator with Overvoltage Protection Circuit. Most of the COMS, microcontrollers and TTL ICs require a well regulated power supply. these ICs can easily damage when supply voltage is increased. basically this circuit provides overvoltage protection but it has over current, reverse polarity, and the regulator IC protection. So you don’t need to worry about power supply.

 lm7805 5V Regulated Power Supply Overvoltage Protection overcurrent Circuit diagram

PARTS LIST
R1 330Ω ¼W
R2 33Ω ¼W
R3 220Ω ¼W
C1 100µF 50V
C2 0.1µF
C3 10µF 16V
C4 0.01µF
C5 0.1µF
D1 1N4001
D2 1N4001
D3 6.2V Zener Diode ¼W
D4 LED
IC1 7805 regulator IC
SCR1 2P4M OR Similar 2A SCR
F1 1A FUSE

Our circuit design using 5V regulator IC, SCR and ZENER diode. Actually this is a crowbar circuit. It is an electrical circuit used to prevent an overvoltage condition of a power supply unit from damaging the circuits attached to the power supply. If the voltage regulator (7805) is faulty, the supply voltage could be applied to the load and it will damage our sensitive circuits. So we need this type of protection circuit. 

2P4M 2P5M 2P6M P-gate SCR PIN configuration Pinout

2P4M PIN configuration

 

When the output voltage exceeds 6.2V, Zener diode conducts. That voltage will switch on SCR, so this provides a short circuit to ground and fuse will be blown. The C1 capacitor is present to ensure that short spikes to not trigger the SCR. Also you can change the protection level by varying the values of D3 and R1. The D1 provides reverse bias protection and D2 provides output polarity reversal protection to the regulator IC.

If you get more than 400mA current, please use this regulator IC with suitable heat sink.

 

5V Overvoltage Protection Circuit 7805 Protection Circuit lm7805 1A voltage regulator protection lm7805 5V Regulated Power Supply Overvoltage Protection overcurrent Circuit diagram


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