Ni-MH Ni-Cd Adjustable Constant Current Charger

Ni-Cd Ni-MH Adjustable Constant Current Battery Charger

Ni-Cd Ni-MH Adjustable Constant Current Battery Charger Circuit

This is a Adjustable Constant Current Ni-MH or Ni-Cd battery charger circuit. It can be used to get a constant current power supply. Here is the schematic diagram of the circuit:

Ni-MH Ni-Cd Adjustable Constant Current Battery Charger circuit

R1 100Ω
VR1 500Ω Preset
C1 0.1µF
C2 0.01µF
D1 1N4001
Q1 BC140
IC1 LM317

This circuit can be adjusted to any value from a few milliamp to about 500mA. The max current is 500mA because it is the limit of the BC140 transistor in the current-limiting part of the circuit.

The input voltage has to be 5.25v above the required output voltage, because of 1.25v across the current-limiting section and Approximately 4v is dropped across the regulator.  The LM317 3-terminal regulator will need to be heatsinked.

LM317 pinout configuration

the LM series of regulator is suitable for this circuit because they have a voltage differential of 1.25v between “adj” and “out” terminals.

BC140 NPN transistor pinout

For example, to charge 4 Ni-Cad cells, just connect them to the output and adjust the 500Ω preset until the required charge-current is obtained. The charger will charge 4 Ni-Cad cells at the same current. But, don’t forget to turn off the charger before the cells are fully charged or the battery will be over-charged.

LM317 Regulator Adjustable Constant Current Charger LM317 Adjustable Constant Current Ni-Cd Ni-MH  Battery Charger

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