555 Timer Time Delay Circuit
LEDs indicate at a glance what the status of the circuit is at any given moment. Once the reset switch, SW2, makes contact, the timer remains in that state until the start switch, S1, is pressed. When either switch is activated, LED1 (ready) and the time indicator, LED2, keep track of the situation.
|LED1||GREEN LED (FOR READY)|
|LED2||RED LED (FOR TIME)|
|SW1||PUSH TO ON SWITCH (FOR START)|
|SW2||PUSH TO ON SWITCH (FOR RESET)|
THE TIME DELAY, T, in seconds is:
The resistances are in megohms (MΩ) and capacitances in microfarads (µF).
The sum of R1 and VR1 should not be less than 1000Ω nor higher than 20MΩ.
Pressing S1 starts the timing cycle. A low-going pulse, instead of S1 can also be used to initiate the timing cycle. The output terminal, pin 3, of 555, is normally low and switches high during the timing cycle. The output can either sink or source currents up to 200mA. Therefore, a load such as a relay coil can be connected between pin3 and VCC or between pin 3 and ground, depending on circuit requirements. When the relay is connected between pin 3 and ground, it is normally de-energized so it is energized only during the timing cycle. Connecting the relay to ground will save power and allow the IC to run cool.
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