LM317 Power Supply Circuit
The output is adjustable between 1.25 and 13.5 Volts with a maximum current limit of 1.5 Amps. The LM317K regulator is internally protected from current and thermal overloads. A heat sink will be required for most LM317 applications however.
|R2||2 KΩ Variable Resistor|
|C1||3300 µf 50v|
|C2||10 µf 25v|
|C3||1 µf 25v|
|D1||100V 5A bridge rectifier|
|T1||18 VAC 2AMP|
The values of R1 and R2 are not critical but R1 should not be larger than 270 ohms. For a fixed voltage output R2 should be selected to give the desired maximum output voltage for a given R1 value. See the calculation on the drawing.
|LM 317 regulator IC, The LM317 device is an adjustable three-terminal positive-voltage regulator capable of supplying more than 1.5 A over an output-voltage range of 1.25 V to 37 V. It requires only two external resistors to set the output voltage. The device features a typical line regulation of 0.01% and typical load regulation of 0.1%. It includes current limiting, thermal overload protection, and safe operating area protection. Overload protection remains functional even if the ADJUST terminal is disconnected.||LM 317 PinOut|
The diodes D2 and D3 in the circuit prevent damage to the regulator during certain adverse conditions such as the output voltage being higher than the input voltage to the regulator or the capacitor across R2 from discharging through the adjustment terminal of the regulator. These conditions will be rare but ten cents worth of protection can save the cost of a new regulator.
An Ammeter could be added to the circuit by placing it between the filter capacitor and the input terminal of the regulator.
Also check this post for calculation – lm317 calculator
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